German is an Official Language in These Countries
- Italy (the province Sud Tyrol/Alto Adige)
- Slovakia (some villages)
- Brazil (some villages)
Continental West Germanic Languages
Countries Which Have German as an Official or Co-official Language
Country, Population, Native German Speakers, People for Whom German is a 2nd Language, and Official or Co-official
|Germany||81,083,600||74,430,000 (91.8%)||5,600,000 (6.9%)||De facto sole nationwide official language|
|Belgium||11,245,629||73,000 (0.6%)||2,472,746 (22%)||De jure official language in the German speaking community|
|Austria||8,602,112||7,999,964 (93%)||516,000 (6%)||De jure sole nationwide official language|
|Switzerland||8,256,000||5,329,393 (64.6%)||395,000 (5%)||Co-official language at federal level; de jure sole official language in 17, co-official in 4 of 26 canton|
|Luxembourg||562,958||11,000 (2%)||380,000 (67.5%)||De jure nationwide co-official language|
|Liechtenstein||37,370||32,075 (85.8%)||5,200 (13.9%)||De jure sole nationwide official language|
|Total||109,787,669||87,875,432||9,368,946||Total speakers: 97,244,378|
|Based on a table from an article on “Territorial Entities Where German is an Official Language” at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_territorial_entities_where_German_is_an_official_language|
Regions Where German Has Official Administrative Status
|Region Where German is Spoken||Country||Population
|Autonomous Province of South Tyrol||Italy||511,750||354,643 (69.3%)||Co-official language on province level; equal to Italian|
|Opole Voivodeship (28 communes)||Poland||250,000||<50,000 (<20%)m||Auxiliary language in 31 communes;
also national minority language
|Silesian Voivodeship (3 communes)|
|Espírito Santo (5 municipalities)||Brazil||205,000||N/A||Co-official language in 9 municipalities (as “German”, “Pomeranian“, and “Hunsrückisch“);
also statewide cultural language in Espírito Santo
|Santa Catarina (2 municipalities)|
|Rio Grande do Sul (2 municipalities)|
Based on a table from an article on “Territorial Entities Where German is an Official Language” at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_territorial_entities_where_German_is_an_official_language.
There are German Speaking Minorities in Numerous Countries
- Poland – (300.000-350.000)
- Hungary – (62.000)
- Czech Republic – (40.000)
- Romania – (37.000)
- Denmark – (15,000)
- France – in Alsace Lorraine, a very specific dialect, Elsässisch is spoken by an aging minority.
- Spain – 50,000 Germans (mostly retirees), living in locations like Mallorca as their European version of Florida.
- Namibia – Namibia was a German Colony (1884-1915). Approximately 20,000
- United States of America – Communities of , or
- Latin America
- Argentina – German speakers live in Córdoba, Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires Province, Entre Ríos, La Pampa Province, Río Negro Province, Misiones, Chaco, Santa Fe, Neuquén. German Argentines (German: Deutschargentinier, Spanish: germano-argentinos) are Argentine citizens of German ancestry.
- Brazil – the 2000 census showed 12,000,000 Brazilians of German descent. German is the 2nd most commonly spoken language, after Portuguese, in Brazil. German is a cultural language in Espírito Santo; also co-official in 9 municipalities in southern Brazil. Blumenau, in Santa Catarina Province, is the home of the 2nd largest Oktoberfest in the world.
- Chile – It is estimated that about 500,000 Chileans could be descendants of German immigrants. About 20,000 Chileans speak the German language.
- Paraguay – According to Ethnologue, Paraguay, with a total population of 4,893,000 (1995), has some 166,000 German speakers including some 19,000 speakers of Plattdeutsch. There are about 10,000 Mennonites in Paraguay, the oldest German colony is Fernheim.
- Venezuela – some people still speak among each other.